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Demographics of Albania

The total population of Albania is 2,934,363 people. People in Albania speak the Albanian language. The linguistic diversity of Albania is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Albania is 0.0399. The median age is approximately 31.6 years. Life expectancy in Albania is 77.35. The female fertility rate in Albania is 1.8. Around 21% of the population of Albania are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Albania is 0.2204. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Albania see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Albania, the population density is 8 people per square kilometer (21 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be very sparsely. The total population of Albania is 2,934,363 people. Albania has approximately 57,616 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Albania represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Albania represent 3.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Albania is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Albania is 0.2204. This means that the people living in Albania are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Albania on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 31.6 years. The median age for men is 30.3, while the median age for women is 32.9.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.118. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.1; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.05; sex ratio over 64 - 0.87; total sex ratio - 1.04. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Albania is Islam, the followers of which comprise 80.3% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are some followers of Christianity in Albania. The religious diversity of Albania is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Albania. The index of religious fractionalization in Albania is 0.4719. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Albania is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Albania may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Albania, 54.66 in every 100 people use internet. Albania has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.716. Albania has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. The migration rate in Albania is -3.3%. In Albania, 14% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Albania is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Albania to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Albania speak the Albanian language. The linguistic diversity of Albania is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Albania. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Albania is 0.0399. This means that within the country there is one major language and a few minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.