Geography of Albania
Albania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 28,748 km² (approx. 11,100 mi²). Continental shelf of Albania is approximately 6,979 km² (around 2,695 mi²). Albania is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Albania has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro. Albania is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Albania is 708 m (2,323 ft).
Total length of land borders of Albania is 691 kilometers (~267 miles). Albania shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Albania, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Albania has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Montenegro. The lengths of the land borders of Albania with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Greece - 282 km (175 mi),
- Kosovo - 112 km (70 mi),
- Macedonia - 151 km (94 mi),
- Montenegro - 172 km (107 mi).
The capital city of Albania is Tirana. The largest cities in Albania are Tirana, Durres, Elbasanm, Vlore.
The average elevation range of Albania is 708 m (2,323 ft). The highest point of Albania is Maja e Korabit, with its official height being 2764 m (9,069 ft). The lowest point of Albania is Adriatic Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Maja e Korabit) and lowest (Adriatic Sea) points of Albania is 2764 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Albania is 28,748 km² (approx. 11,100 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 13,691 km² (~5,286 mi²). The continental shelf of Albania is approximately 6,979 km² (around 2,695 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Albania is approximately 42,439 km² (~16,386 mi²). Albania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
7,716 km² of Albania's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 27% of all the land in the country. There are 5,507 km² of arable land in Albania, and it comprises 19% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Albania are petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land.