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Geography of Algeria

Algeria is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 2,381,741 km² (approx. 919,591 mi²). Continental shelf of Algeria is approximately 9,985 km² (around 3,855 mi²). Algeria is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Algeria has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia, Western Sahara. Algeria is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Algeria is 800 m (2,625 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Algeria is 6734 kilometers (~2,600 miles). Algeria shares its land borders with 7 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Algeria, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Algeria has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia, and Western Sahara. The lengths of the land borders of Algeria with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Algeria is Algiers. The largest cities in Algeria are Algiers, Boumerdas, Oran, Tebessa.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Algeria is 800 m (2,625 ft). The highest point of Algeria is Mount Tahat, with its official height being 3003 m (9,853 ft). The lowest point of Algeria is Chott Melrhir. It lies at -40 m (-131 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Tahat) and lowest (Chott Melrhir) points of Algeria is 3043 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Algeria is 2,381,741 km² (approx. 919,591 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 126,353 km² (~48,785 mi²). The continental shelf of Algeria is approximately 9,985 km² (around 3,855 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Algeria is approximately 2,508,094 km² (~968,376 mi²). Algeria is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

42,000 km² of Algeria's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 2% of all the land in the country. There are 75,501 km² of arable land in Algeria, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Algeria are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc.