Geography of Argentina
Argentina is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 2,780,400 km² (approx. 1,073,514 mi²). Continental shelf of Argentina is approximately 856,346 km² (around 330,636 mi²). Argentina is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Argentina has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay. Argentina is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Argentina is 595 m (1,952 ft).
Total length of land borders of Argentina is 11968 kilometers (~4,621 miles). Argentina has 6 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 5 different countries. Argentina has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Argentina has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The lengths of the land borders of Argentina with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Bolivia - 832 km (517 mi),
- Brazil - 1224 km (761 mi),
- Chile - 5300 km (3,294 mi),
- Paraguay - 1880 km (1,168 mi),
- Uruguay - 579 km (360 mi).
The capital city of Argentina is Buenos Aires. The largest cities in Argentina are Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario, Mendoza.
The average elevation range of Argentina is 595 m (1,952 ft). The highest point of Argentina is Aconcagua, with its official height being 6960 m (22,836 ft). The lowest point of Argentina is Laguna del Carbón. It lies at -105 m (-345 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Aconcagua) and lowest (Laguna del Carbón) points of Argentina is 7065 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Argentina is 2,780,400 km² (approx. 1,073,514 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 1,159,063 km² (~447,515 mi²). The continental shelf of Argentina is approximately 856,346 km² (around 330,636 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Argentina is approximately 3,939,463 km² (~1,521,028 mi²). Argentina is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
945,336 km² of Argentina's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 34% of all the land in the country. There are 274,490 km² of arable land in Argentina, and it comprises 10% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Argentina are fertile plains, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, arable land.