Geography of Austria
Austria is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 83,871 km² (approx. 32,383 mi²). Continental shelf of Austria is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Austria is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Austria has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland. Austria is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Austria is 910 m (2,986 ft).
Total length of land borders of Austria is 2524 kilometers (~975 miles). Austria shares its land borders with 8 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Austria, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Austria has 8 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland. The lengths of the land borders of Austria with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Czech Republic - 362 km (225 mi),
- Germany - 784 km (487 mi),
- Hungary - 366 km (227 mi),
- Italy - 430 km (267 mi),
- Liechtenstein - 35 km (22 mi),
- Slovakia - 91 km (57 mi),
- Slovenia - 330 km (205 mi),
- Switzerland - 164 km (102 mi).
The capital city of Austria is Vienna. The largest cities in Austria are Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg.
The average elevation range of Austria is 910 m (2,986 ft). The highest point of Austria is Großglockner, with its official height being 3798 m (12,461 ft). The lowest point of Austria is Lake Neusiedl. It lies at 115 m (377 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Großglockner) and lowest (Lake Neusiedl) points of Austria is 3683 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Austria is 83,871 km² (approx. 32,383 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Austria is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Austria is approximately 83,871 km² (~32,383 mi²). Austria is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
39,600 km² of Austria's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 47% of all the land in the country. There are 13,677 km² of arable land in Austria, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Austria are oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower.