Geography of Belgium
Belgium is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 30,528 km² (approx. 11,787 mi²). Continental shelf of Belgium is approximately 3,447 km² (around 1,331 mi²). Belgium is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Belgium has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands. Belgium is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Belgium is 181 m (594 ft).
Total length of land borders of Belgium is 1297 kilometers (~501 miles). Belgium shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Belgium, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Belgium has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Netherlands. The lengths of the land borders of Belgium with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- France - 620 km (385 mi),
- Germany - 167 km (104 mi),
- Luxembourg - 148 km (92 mi),
- Netherlands - 450 km (280 mi).
The capital city of Belgium is Brussels. The largest city in Belgium is Brussels.
The average elevation range of Belgium is 181 m (594 ft). The highest point of Belgium is Signal de Botrange, with its official height being 694 m (2,277 ft). The lowest point of Belgium is an unknown location. It lies at -4 m (-13 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Signal de Botrange) and lowest (an unknown location) points of Belgium is 698 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Belgium is 30,528 km² (approx. 11,787 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 3,447 km² (~1,331 mi²). The continental shelf of Belgium is approximately 3,447 km² (around 1,331 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Belgium is approximately 33,975 km² (~13,118 mi²). Belgium is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
6,834 km² of Belgium's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 22% of all the land in the country. There are 8,302 km² of arable land in Belgium, and it comprises 27% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Belgium are construction materials, silica sand, carbonates, arable land.