Geography of Benin
Benin is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 114,763 km² (approx. 44,310 mi²). Continental shelf of Benin is approximately 2,721 km² (around 1,051 mi²). Benin is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Benin has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Togo. Benin is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Benin is 273 m (896 ft).
Total length of land borders of Benin is 2123 kilometers (~820 miles). Benin shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Benin, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Benin has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo. The lengths of the land borders of Benin with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Burkina Faso - 306 km (190 mi),
- Niger - 266 km (165 mi),
- Nigeria - 773 km (480 mi),
- Togo - 644 km (400 mi).
The capital city of Benin is Porto-Novo (official); Cotonou (de facto). The largest cities in Benin are Porto-Novo, Cotonou.
The average elevation range of Benin is 273 m (896 ft). The highest point of Benin is Mont Sokbaro, with its official height being 658 m (2,159 ft). The lowest point of Benin is Bight of Benin. The elevation difference between the highest (Mont Sokbaro) and lowest (Bight of Benin) points of Benin is 658 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Benin is 114,763 km² (approx. 44,310 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 33,221 km² (~12,827 mi²). The continental shelf of Benin is approximately 2,721 km² (around 1,051 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Benin is approximately 147,984 km² (~57,137 mi²). Benin is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
61,860 km² of Benin's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 54% of all the land in the country. There are 26,029 km² of arable land in Benin, and it comprises 23% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Benin are oil, limestone, marble, timber.