Geography of Bolivia
Bolivia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,098,581 km² (approx. 424,163 mi²). Continental shelf of Bolivia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Bolivia is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Bolivia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru. Bolivia is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Bolivia is 1,192 m (3,911 ft).
Total length of land borders of Bolivia is 7252 kilometers (~2,800 miles). Bolivia shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Bolivia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Bolivia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. The lengths of the land borders of Bolivia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Argentina - 832 km (517 mi),
- Brazil - 3400 km (2,113 mi),
- Chile - 861 km (535 mi),
- Paraguay - 750 km (466 mi),
- Peru - 900 km (559 mi).
The capital city of Bolivia is Sucre (constitutional); La Paz (admin.). The largest cities in Bolivia are Sucre, La Paz , Santa Cruz, El Alto.
The average elevation range of Bolivia is 1,192 m (3,911 ft). The highest point of Bolivia is Sajama, with its official height being 6542 m (21,464 ft). The lowest point of Bolivia is Rio Paraguay. It lies at 90 m (295 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Sajama) and lowest (Rio Paraguay) points of Bolivia is 6452 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Bolivia is 1,098,581 km² (approx. 424,163 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Bolivia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Bolivia is approximately 1,098,581 km² (~424,163 mi²). Bolivia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
587,400 km² of Bolivia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 53% of all the land in the country. There are 30,146 km² of arable land in Bolivia, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Bolivia are tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower.