Geography of Brazil
Brazil is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 8,515,767 km² (approx. 3,287,941 mi²). Continental shelf of Brazil is approximately 774,563 km² (around 299,059 mi²). Brazil is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Brazil has 10 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela. Brazil is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Brazil is 320 m (1,050 ft).
Total length of land borders of Brazil is 16145 kilometers (~6,234 miles). Brazil shares its land borders with 10 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Brazil, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Brazil has 10 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The lengths of the land borders of Brazil with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Argentina - 1224 km (761 mi),
- Bolivia - 3400 km (2,113 mi),
- Colombia - 1643 km (1,021 mi),
- French Guiana - 673 km (418 mi),
- Guyana - 1119 km (695 mi),
- Paraguay - 1290 km (802 mi),
- Peru - 1560 km (970 mi),
- Suriname - 597 km (371 mi),
- Uruguay - 985 km (612 mi),
- Venezuela - 2200 km (1,367 mi).
The capital city of Brazil is Brasilia. The largest cities in Brazil are Brasília, Sao Paulo City, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador ; Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Recife, Belém, Porto Alegre, Fortaleza;.
The average elevation range of Brazil is 320 m (1,050 ft). The highest point of Brazil is Pico da Neblina, with its official height being 2994 m (9,823 ft). The lowest point of Brazil is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Pico da Neblina) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Brazil is 2994 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Brazil is 8,515,767 km² (approx. 3,287,941 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 3,660,955 km² (~1,413,496 mi²). The continental shelf of Brazil is approximately 774,563 km² (around 299,059 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Brazil is approximately 12,176,722 km² (~4,701,437 mi²). Brazil is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
4,776,980 km² of Brazil's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 56% of all the land in the country. There are 586,036 km² of arable land in Brazil, and it comprises 7% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Brazil are bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber.