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Demographics of Bulgaria

The total population of Bulgaria is 7,036,848 people. People in Bulgaria speak the Bulgarian language. The linguistic diversity of Bulgaria is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Bulgaria is 0.3031. The median age is approximately 42.6 years. Life expectancy in Bulgaria is 74. The female fertility rate in Bulgaria is 1.5. Around 24% of the population of Bulgaria are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Bulgaria is 0.4021. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Bulgaria see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Bulgaria, the population density is 66 people per square kilometer (172 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Bulgaria is 7,036,848 people. Bulgaria has approximately 102,113 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Bulgaria represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Bulgaria represent 1.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Bulgaria is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Bulgaria is 0.4021. This means that a certain diversity is present in Bulgaria, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Bulgaria on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 42.6 years. The median age for men is 40.3, while the median age for women is 44.8.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.06. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.97; sex ratio over 64 - 0.68; total sex ratio - 0.92. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Bulgaria is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 82.1% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Bulgaria are Hinduism, Buddhism, folk religions. The religious diversity of Bulgaria is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Bulgaria. The index of religious fractionalization in Bulgaria is 0.5965. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Bulgaria.

General development

Bulgaria is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Bulgaria may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Bulgaria, 55.15 in every 100 people use internet. Bulgaria has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.777. Bulgaria has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Bulgaria is -0.29%. In Bulgaria, 21.8% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Bulgaria is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Bulgaria speak the Bulgarian language. The linguistic diversity of Bulgaria is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Bulgaria. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Bulgaria is 0.3031. This means that there are a few major languages spoken in Bulgaria. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.