Geography of Bulgaria
Bulgaria is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 110,879 km² (approx. 42,810 mi²). Continental shelf of Bulgaria is approximately 10,426 km² (around 4,025 mi²). Bulgaria is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Bulgaria has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey. Bulgaria is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Bulgaria is 472 m (1,549 ft).
Total length of land borders of Bulgaria is 1806 kilometers (~697 miles). Bulgaria shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Bulgaria, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Bulgaria has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey. The lengths of the land borders of Bulgaria with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Greece - 494 km (307 mi),
- Macedonia - 148 km (92 mi),
- Romania - 608 km (378 mi),
- Serbia - 318 km (198 mi),
- Turkey - 240 km (149 mi).
The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia. The largest city in Bulgaria is Sofia.
The average elevation range of Bulgaria is 472 m (1,549 ft). The highest point of Bulgaria is Musala, with its official height being 2925 m (9,597 ft). The lowest point of Bulgaria is Black Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Musala) and lowest (Black Sea) points of Bulgaria is 2925 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Bulgaria is 110,879 km² (approx. 42,810 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 34,307 km² (~13,246 mi²). The continental shelf of Bulgaria is approximately 10,426 km² (around 4,025 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Bulgaria is approximately 145,186 km² (~56,056 mi²). Bulgaria is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
36,250 km² of Bulgaria's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 33% of all the land in the country. There are 33,099 km² of arable land in Bulgaria, and it comprises 30% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Bulgaria are bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.