Geography of Canada
Canada is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 9,984,670 km² (approx. 3,855,085 mi²). Continental shelf of Canada is approximately 2,644,795 km² (around 1,021,156 mi²). Canada is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Canada shares its borders with Nigeria. Canada is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Canada is 487 m (1,598 ft).
Total length of land borders of Canada is 8893 kilometers (~3,434 miles). Canada has 2 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 1 different countries. Canada has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. The length of said border is 1690 km (1,050 mi).
The capital city of Canada is Ottawa. The largest cities in Canada are Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary.
The average elevation range of Canada is 487 m (1,598 ft). The highest point of Canada is Mount Logan, with its official height being 5959 m (19,551 ft). The lowest point of Canada is Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Logan) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean) points of Canada is 5959 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Canada is 9,984,670 km² (approx. 3,855,085 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 5,599,077 km² (~2,161,806 mi²). The continental shelf of Canada is approximately 2,644,795 km² (around 1,021,156 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Canada is approximately 15,583,747 km² (~6,016,891 mi²). Canada is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
4,916,438 km² of Canada's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 49% of all the land in the country. There are 415,573 km² of arable land in Canada, and it comprises 4% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Canada are iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower.