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Geography of Chile

Chile is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 756,102 km² (approx. 291,931 mi²). Continental shelf of Chile is approximately 252,947 km² (around 97,663 mi²). Chile is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Chile has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Bolivia, Peru. Chile is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Chile is 1,871 m (6,139 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Chile is 7801 kilometers (~3,012 miles). Chile has 4 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 3 different countries. Chile has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Chile has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. The lengths of the land borders of Chile with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Chile is Santiago. The largest cities in Chile are Santiago, Valparaíso, Greater Concepción.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Chile is 1,871 m (6,139 ft). The highest point of Chile is Ojos del Salado, with its official height being 6893 m (22,616 ft). The lowest point of Chile is Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Ojos del Salado) and lowest (Pacific Ocean) points of Chile is 6893 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Chile is 756,102 km² (approx. 291,931 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 3,681,989 km² (~1,421,617 mi²). The continental shelf of Chile is approximately 252,947 km² (around 97,663 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Chile is approximately 4,438,091 km² (~1,713,549 mi²). Chile is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

158,781 km² of Chile's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 21% of all the land in the country. There are 19,619 km² of arable land in Chile, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Chile are copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower.