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Geography of Colombia

Colombia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,138,910 km² (approx. 439,734 mi²). Continental shelf of Colombia is approximately 53,691 km² (around 20,730 mi²). Colombia is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Colombia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela. Colombia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Colombia is 593 m (1,946 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Colombia is 6672 kilometers (~2,576 miles). Colombia shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Colombia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Colombia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. The lengths of the land borders of Colombia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Colombia is Bogotá. The largest city in Colombia is Bogotá.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Colombia is 593 m (1,946 ft). The highest point of Colombia is Pico Cristóbal Colón and Pico Simón Bolívar, with its official height being 5700 m (18,702 ft). The lowest point of Colombia is Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Pico Cristóbal Colón and Pico Simón Bolívar) and lowest (Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea) points of Colombia is 5700 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Colombia is 1,138,910 km² (approx. 439,734 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 808,158 km² (~312,030 mi²). The continental shelf of Colombia is approximately 53,691 km² (around 20,730 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Colombia is approximately 1,947,068 km² (~751,764 mi²). Colombia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

607,280 km² of Colombia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 53% of all the land in the country. There are 20,878 km² of arable land in Colombia, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Colombia are petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower.