Geography of Croatia
Croatia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 56,594 km² (approx. 21,851 mi²). Continental shelf of Croatia is approximately 50,277 km² (around 19,412 mi²). Croatia is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Croatia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia. Croatia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Croatia is 331 m (1,086 ft).
Total length of land borders of Croatia is 2237 kilometers (~864 miles). Croatia has 6 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 5 different countries. Croatia has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Croatia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia. The lengths of the land borders of Croatia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - 932 km (579 mi),
- Hungary - 329 km (204 mi),
- Montenegro - 25 km (16 mi),
- Serbia - 241 km (150 mi),
- Slovenia - 670 km (416 mi).
The capital city of Croatia is Zagreb. The largest city in Croatia is Zagreb.
The average elevation range of Croatia is 331 m (1,086 ft). The highest point of Croatia is Dinara, with its official height being 1831 m (6,008 ft). The lowest point of Croatia is Adriatic Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Dinara) and lowest (Adriatic Sea) points of Croatia is 1831 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Croatia is 56,594 km² (approx. 21,851 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 59,032 km² (~22,792 mi²). The continental shelf of Croatia is approximately 50,277 km² (around 19,412 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Croatia is approximately 115,626 km² (~44,643 mi²). Croatia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
24,901 km² of Croatia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 44% of all the land in the country. There are 14,566 km² of arable land in Croatia, and it comprises 26% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Croatia are oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower.