Confidus Solutions logotype

Confidus Solutions

Geography of Cyprus

Cyprus is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 9,251 km² (approx. 3,572 mi²). Continental shelf of Cyprus is approximately 4,042 km² (around 1,561 mi²). Cyprus is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Cyprus is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Cyprus is 91 m (299 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Cyprus is 156 kilometers (~60 miles). Cyprus has 5 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 1 different countries. Cyprus has 4 non-contiguous sections of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour.

Cities

The capital city of Cyprus is Nicosia. The largest city in Cyprus is Nicosia.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Cyprus is 91 m (299 ft). The highest point of Cyprus is Mount Olympus, with its official height being 1951 m (6,401 ft). The lowest point of Cyprus is Mediterranean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Olympus) and lowest (Mediterranean Sea) points of Cyprus is 1951 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Cyprus is 9,251 km² (approx. 3,572 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 98,707 km² (~38,111 mi²). The continental shelf of Cyprus is approximately 4,042 km² (around 1,561 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Cyprus is approximately 107,958 km² (~41,683 mi²). Cyprus is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

1,740 km² of Cyprus's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 19% of all the land in the country. There are 999 km² of arable land in Cyprus, and it comprises 11% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Cyprus are copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.