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Geography of Denmark

Denmark is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 43,094 km² (approx. 16,639 mi²). Continental shelf of Denmark is approximately 495,657 km² (around 191,373 mi²). Denmark is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Denmark shares its borders with Germany. Denmark is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Denmark is 34 m (112 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Denmark is 140 kilometers (~54 miles). Denmark has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - Germany. The length of said border is 68 km (42 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Denmark is Copenhagen. The largest city in Denmark is Copenhagen.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Denmark is 34 m (112 ft). The highest point of Denmark is Møllehøj, with its official height being 171 m (561 ft). The lowest point of Denmark is Lammefjord. It lies at -7 m (-23 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Møllehøj) and lowest (Lammefjord) points of Denmark is 178 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Denmark is 43,094 km² (approx. 16,639 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 2,551,238 km² (~985,034 mi²). The continental shelf of Denmark is approximately 495,657 km² (around 191,373 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Denmark is approximately 2,594,332 km² (~1,001,673 mi²). Denmark is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

6,120 km² of Denmark's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 14% of all the land in the country. There are 22,295 km² of arable land in Denmark, and it comprises 52% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Denmark are petroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand.