Culture of Egypt
People in Egypt speak the Modern Standard Arabic language. The linguistic diversity of Egypt is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Egypt is 0.0237. The followers of Islam are the religious majority in the country. 43.5% of Egypt's population live in cities. This percentage comprises the urban population of Egypt. The rate of urbanization in Egypt is considered to be 1.8. According to data on inbound tourists in Egypt, 9,174,000 tourists arrive in the country each year.
The national anthem of Egypt is called 'Bilady, Bilady, Bilady', which in English means 'My Country, My Country, My Country'. It was adopted in 1979. The lyrics have been written by Mohamed Younis Al-Qady and the music has been composed by Sayed Darwish.
The first McDonalds in Egypt was opened on 20 October 1994, and it was located in Cairo. At the moment Egypt has 72 operating McDonalds restaurants. The number of operating McDonalds restaurants in a country is indicative of the influence of Western culture and globalization in that country. Operating McDonalds restaurants could also have a direct impact on the health of a nation's citizens. Around 33% of the population of Egypt are obese.
Each year, the people of Egypt consume 0.2 litre of alcohol per capita, and this volume consists of 53.8% beer, 5.4% wine, 40.3% distilled spirits, 0.5% other alcohol.
One of the most popular national dishes of Egypt is ful medames. Other national dishes include kushari, molokhia, falafel.