Geography of Egypt
Egypt is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,001,450 km² (approx. 386,660 mi²). Continental shelf of Egypt is approximately 61,591 km² (around 23,780 mi²). Egypt is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Egypt has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Palestinian territories, Israel, Libya, Sudan. Egypt is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Egypt is 321 m (1,053 ft).
Total length of land borders of Egypt is 2612 kilometers (~1,008 miles). Egypt shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Egypt, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Egypt has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Palestinian territories, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. The lengths of the land borders of Egypt with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Palestinian territories - 11 km (7 mi),
- Israel - 266 km (165 mi),
- Libya - 1115 km (693 mi),
- Sudan - 1273 km (791 mi).
The capital city of Egypt is Cairo. The largest city in Egypt is Cairo.
The average elevation range of Egypt is 321 m (1,053 ft). The highest point of Egypt is Mount Catherine, with its official height being 2629 m (8,626 ft). The lowest point of Egypt is Qattara Depression. It lies at -133 m (-436 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Catherine) and lowest (Qattara Depression) points of Egypt is 2762 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Egypt is 1,001,450 km² (approx. 386,660 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 263,451 km² (~101,719 mi²). The continental shelf of Egypt is approximately 61,591 km² (around 23,780 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Egypt is approximately 1,264,901 km² (~488,379 mi²). Egypt is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
670 km² of Egypt's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 0% of all the land in the country. There are 29,067 km² of arable land in Egypt, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Egypt are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc.