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Demographics of Estonia

The total population of Estonia is 1,306,788 people. People in Estonia speak the Estonian language. The linguistic diversity of Estonia is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Estonia is 0.4944. The median age is approximately 41.2 years. Life expectancy in Estonia is 77. The female fertility rate in Estonia is 1.5. Around 21% of the population of Estonia are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Estonia is 0.5062. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Estonia see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Estonia, the population density is 29 people per square kilometer (75 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Estonia is 1,306,788 people. Estonia has approximately 202,348 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Estonia represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Estonia represent 16.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Estonia is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Estonia is 0.5062. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Estonia. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Estonia on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 41.2 years. The median age for men is 37.6, while the median age for women is 44.5.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.063. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.06; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.91; sex ratio over 64 - 0.49; total sex ratio - 0.84. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Estonia is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 39.9% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Estonia are Islam, Buddhism. The religious diversity of Estonia is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Estonia. The index of religious fractionalization in Estonia is 0.4985. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Estonia is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Estonia is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Estonia, 79 in every 100 people use internet. Estonia has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.84. Estonia has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Estonia is -3.6%. In Estonia, 21% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Estonia is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Estonia speak the Estonian language. The linguistic diversity of Estonia is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Estonia. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Estonia is 0.4944. This means that there are a few major languages spoken in Estonia. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.