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Geography of Finland

Finland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 338,145 km² (approx. 130,558 mi²). Continental shelf of Finland is approximately 85,109 km² (around 32,861 mi²). Finland is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Finland has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Norway, Sweden, Russia. Finland is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Finland is 164 m (538 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Finland is 2563 kilometers (~990 miles). Finland shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Finland, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Finland has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Norway, Sweden, and Russia. The lengths of the land borders of Finland with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Finland is Helsinki. The largest city in Finland is Helsinki.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Finland is 164 m (538 ft). The highest point of Finland is Halti, with its official height being 1324 m (4,344 ft). The lowest point of Finland is Baltic Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Halti) and lowest (Baltic Sea) points of Finland is 1324 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Finland is 338,145 km² (approx. 130,558 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 87,171 km² (~33,657 mi²). The continental shelf of Finland is approximately 85,109 km² (around 32,861 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Finland is approximately 425,316 km² (~164,215 mi²). Finland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

233,320 km² of Finland's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 69% of all the land in the country. There are 19,913 km² of arable land in Finland, and it comprises 6% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Finland are timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone.