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Demographics of Iceland

The total population of Iceland is 337,780 people. People in Iceland speak the Icelandic, Faroese, and Norn languages. The linguistic diversity of Iceland is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Iceland is 0.082. The median age is approximately 36.4 years. Life expectancy in Iceland is 82. The female fertility rate in Iceland is 1.9. Around 23% of the population of Iceland are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Iceland is 0.0798. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Iceland see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Iceland, the population density is 3.21 people per square kilometer (8 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be very sparsely. The total population of Iceland is 337,780 people. Iceland has approximately 37,522 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Iceland represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Iceland represent 10.7 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Iceland is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Iceland is 0.0798. This means that the people living in Iceland are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Iceland on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 36.4 years. The median age for men is 35.9, while the median age for women is 36.9.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.04. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.03; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.02; sex ratio over 64 - 0.83; total sex ratio - 1. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Iceland is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 95% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. The religious diversity of Iceland is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Iceland. The index of religious fractionalization in Iceland is 0.1913. This score means that within the country there is one major with a few other minor beliefs.

General development

Iceland is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Iceland is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Iceland, 96 in every 100 people use internet. Iceland has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.895. Iceland has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in Iceland is 4.43%. In Iceland, 8% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Iceland is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Iceland to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Iceland speak the Icelandic, Faroese, and Norn languages. The linguistic diversity of Iceland is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Iceland. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Iceland is 0.082. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.