Geography of Iran
Iran is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,648,195 km² (approx. 636,369 mi²). Continental shelf of Iran is approximately 118,693 km² (around 45,827 mi²). Iran is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Iran has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan. Iran is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Iran is 1,305 m (4,282 ft).
Total length of land borders of Iran is 5894 kilometers (~2,276 miles). Iran has 8 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 7 different countries. Iran has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Iran has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan. The lengths of the land borders of Iran with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Afghanistan - 936 km (582 mi),
- Armenia - 35 km (22 mi),
- Azerbaijan - 432 km (268 mi),
- Iraq - 1458 km (906 mi),
- Pakistan - 909 km (565 mi),
- Turkey - 499 km (310 mi),
- Turkmenistan - 992 km (617 mi).
The capital city of Iran is Tehran. The largest city in Iran is Tehran.
The average elevation range of Iran is 1,305 m (4,282 ft). The highest point of Iran is Damavand, with its official height being 5610 m (18,406 ft). The lowest point of Iran is Caspian Sea. It lies at -28 m (-92 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Damavand) and lowest (Caspian Sea) points of Iran is 5638 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Iran is 1,648,195 km² (approx. 636,369 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 168,718 km² (~65,142 mi²). The continental shelf of Iran is approximately 118,693 km² (around 45,827 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Iran is approximately 1,816,913 km² (~701,511 mi²). Iran is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
110,750 km² of Iran's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 7% of all the land in the country. There are 195,600 km² of arable land in Iran, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Iran are petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur.