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Geography of Italy

Italy is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 301,340 km² (approx. 116,347 mi²). Continental shelf of Italy is approximately 116,834 km² (around 45,110 mi²). Italy is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Italy has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, France, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland, Vatican City. Italy is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Italy is 538 m (1,765 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Italy is 1836.4 kilometers (~709 miles). Italy shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Italy, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Italy has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, France, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Vatican City. The lengths of the land borders of Italy with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Italy is Rome. The largest cities in Italy are Rome, Milan, Naples.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Italy is 538 m (1,765 ft). The highest point of Italy is Monte Bianco, with its official height being 4810 m (15,782 ft). The lowest point of Italy is Jolanda di Savoia. It lies at -3 m (-10 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Monte Bianco) and lowest (Jolanda di Savoia) points of Italy is 4813 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Italy is 301,340 km² (approx. 116,347 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 541,915 km² (~209,234 mi²). The continental shelf of Italy is approximately 116,834 km² (around 45,110 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Italy is approximately 843,255 km² (~325,581 mi²). Italy is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

106,736 km² of Italy's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 35% of all the land in the country. There are 77,651 km² of arable land in Italy, and it comprises 26% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Italy are coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite, natural gas, crude oil, fish, arable land.