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Geography of Japan

Japan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 377,915 km² (approx. 145,913 mi²). Continental shelf of Japan is approximately 454,976 km² (around 175,666 mi²). Japan is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Japan is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Japan is 438 m (1,437 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Japan is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Japan has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Japan is Tokyo. The largest city in Japan is Tokyo.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Japan is 438 m (1,437 ft). The highest point of Japan is Mount Fuji, with its official height being 3776 m (12,389 ft). The lowest point of Japan is Hachiro-gata on Honshū. It lies at -4 m (-13 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Fuji) and lowest (Hachiro-gata on Honshū) points of Japan is 3780 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Japan is 377,915 km² (approx. 145,913 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 4,479,388 km² (~1,729,493 mi²). The continental shelf of Japan is approximately 454,976 km² (around 175,666 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Japan is approximately 4,857,303 km² (~1,875,407 mi²). Japan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

253,203 km² of Japan's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 67% of all the land in the country. There are 43,620 km² of arable land in Japan, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Japan are fish, mineral resources.