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Geography of Kenya

Kenya is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 580,367 km² (approx. 224,080 mi²). Continental shelf of Kenya is approximately 11,073 km² (around 4,275 mi²). Kenya is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Kenya has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. Kenya is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Kenya is 762 m (2,500 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Kenya is 3457 kilometers (~1,335 miles). Kenya shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Kenya, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Kenya has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. The lengths of the land borders of Kenya with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Kenya is Nairobi. The largest city in Kenya is Nairobi.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Kenya is 762 m (2,500 ft). The highest point of Kenya is Mount Kenya, with its official height being 5199 m (17,058 ft). The lowest point of Kenya is Indian Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Kenya) and lowest (Indian Ocean) points of Kenya is 5199 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Kenya is 580,367 km² (approx. 224,080 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 116,942 km² (~45,151 mi²). The continental shelf of Kenya is approximately 11,073 km² (around 4,275 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Kenya is approximately 697,309 km² (~269,231 mi²). Kenya is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

13,200 km² of Kenya's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 2% of all the land in the country. There are 45,597 km² of arable land in Kenya, and it comprises 8% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Kenya are limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower.