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Demographics of Latvia

The total population of Latvia is 1 997 500 people. People in Latvia speak Latvian language. The linguistic diversity of Latvia is scattered according to a fractionalization scale which for Latvia is 0.5795. The median age is approximately 41.4 years. Life expectancy in Latvia is 73.78. The female fertility rate in Latvia is 1.6. Around 25% of the population of Latvia are obese. The ethnic diversity is divided according to a fractionalization scale which for Latvia is 0.5867. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of people in Latvia see the sections below.

Population

In Latvia, the population density is 31 people per square kilometer (81 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Latvia is 1 997 500 people. Latvia has 282 887 million foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Latvia represent 0.002 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Latvia represent 14% of the country's total population. The ethnic diversity of Latvia is divided according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Latvia is 0.5867. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Latvia. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Latvia on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 41.4 years. The median age for men is 38.4, while the median age for women is 44.3.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.95; sex ratio over 64 - 0.49; total sex ratio - 0.86. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The main religion of Latvia is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 55.8% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of Buddhism in Latvia. The religious diversity of Latvia is scattered according to a fractionalization scale based on religion numbers in the country. The index of religious fractionalization in Latvia is 0.5556. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Latvia.

Advance

Latvia is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. In Latvia, 74 in every 100 people use internet. Latvia has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.81. The migration rate in Latvia is -6.26%. In Latvia, 19% of the population lives below the poverty line.

Language

The official language of Latvia is Latvian. The linguistic diversity of Latvia is scattered according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Latvia. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Latvia is 0.5795. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Latvia. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.