Geography of Latvia
Latvia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 64,589 km² (approx. 24,938 mi²). Continental shelf of Latvia is approximately 27,772 km² (around 10,723 mi²). Latvia is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Latvia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Russia. Latvia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Latvia is 87 m (285 ft).
Total length of land borders of Latvia is 1370 kilometers (~529 miles). Latvia shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Latvia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Latvia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and Russia. The lengths of the land borders of Latvia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Belarus - 141 km (88 mi),
- Estonia - 339 km (211 mi),
- Lithuania - 453 km (282 mi),
- Russia - 217 km (135 mi).
The capital city of Latvia is Riga. The largest city in Latvia is Riga.
The average elevation range of Latvia is 87 m (285 ft). The highest point of Latvia is Gaizinkalns, with its official height being 312 m (1,024 ft). The lowest point of Latvia is Baltic Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Gaizinkalns) and lowest (Baltic Sea) points of Latvia is 312 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Latvia is 64,589 km² (approx. 24,938 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 28,452 km² (~10,985 mi²). The continental shelf of Latvia is approximately 27,772 km² (around 10,723 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Latvia is approximately 93,041 km² (~35,923 mi²). Latvia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
28,807 km² of Latvia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 45% of all the land in the country. There are 17,926 km² of arable land in Latvia, and it comprises 28% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Latvia are peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land.