Geography of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 160 km² (approx. 62 mi²). Continental shelf of Liechtenstein is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Liechtenstein is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Liechtenstein has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, Switzerland. Liechtenstein is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Liechtenstein is 2,774 m (9,101 ft).
Total length of land borders of Liechtenstein is 75 kilometers (~29 miles). Liechtenstein shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Liechtenstein, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Liechtenstein has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Austria, and Switzerland. The lengths of the land borders of Liechtenstein with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Austria - 34.9 km (21 mi),
- Switzerland - 41.1 km (25 mi).
The capital city of Liechtenstein is Vaduz. The largest cities in Liechtenstein are Vaduz, Schaan.
The average elevation range of Liechtenstein is 2,774 m (9,101 ft). The highest point of Liechtenstein is Grauspitz, with its official height being 2599 m (8,527 ft). The lowest point of Liechtenstein is Rhine. It lies at 430 m (1,411 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Grauspitz) and lowest (Rhine) points of Liechtenstein is 2169 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Liechtenstein is 160 km² (approx. 62 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Liechtenstein is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Liechtenstein is approximately 160 km² (~62 mi²). Liechtenstein is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
70 km² of Liechtenstein's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 44% of all the land in the country. There are 40 km² of arable land in Liechtenstein, and it comprises 25% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Liechtenstein are hydroelectric potential, arable land.