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Demographics of Madagascar

The total population of Madagascar is 26,262,810 people. People in Madagascar speak the Malagasy, and French languages. The linguistic diversity of Madagascar is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Madagascar is 0.0204. The median age is approximately 19.2 years. Life expectancy in Madagascar is 64. The female fertility rate in Madagascar is 4.4. Around 2% of the population of Madagascar are obese. The ethnic diversity is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Madagascar is 0.8791. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Madagascar see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Madagascar, the population density is 35 people per square kilometer (91 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Madagascar is 26,262,810 people. Madagascar has approximately 34,313 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Madagascar represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Madagascar represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Madagascar is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Madagascar is 0.8791. This means that there is a very high number of unique ethnic groups in Madagascar. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Madagascar on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 19.2 years. The median age for men is 19, while the median age for women is 19.4.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.03. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.01; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.99; sex ratio over 64 - 0.8; total sex ratio - 0.99. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Madagascar is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 85.3% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of folk religions in Madagascar. The religious diversity of Madagascar is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Madagascar. The index of religious fractionalization in Madagascar is 0.5191. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Madagascar.

General development

Madagascar is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Madagascar may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Madagascar, 2.05 in every 100 people use internet. Madagascar has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.498. Madagascar has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. In Madagascar, 70.7% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Madagascar is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty.

Language

People in Madagascar speak the Malagasy, and French languages. The linguistic diversity of Madagascar is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Madagascar. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Madagascar is 0.0204. This means that within the country there is one major language and a few minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.