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Geography of Malta

Malta is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 316 km² (approx. 122 mi²). Continental shelf of Malta is approximately 5,301 km² (around 2,047 mi²). Malta is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Malta is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Malta is 127 m (413 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Malta is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Malta has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Malta is Valletta. The largest cities in Malta are Valletta, Birkirkara, St. Paul's Bay, Mosta, Sliema, Qormi, Żabbar, Naxxar, San Ġwann, Marsaskala, Żebbuġ, Fgura, Rabat, Żejtun, Żurrieq, Attard, St. Julian's, Swieqi, Mellieħa, Birżebbuġa, Ħamrun, Msida, Tarxien, Siġġiewi, Gżira, Paola, Santa Venera, Victoria (Gozo).

Elevation

The average elevation range of Malta is 127 m (413 ft). The highest point of Malta is Ta'Dmejrek, with its official height being 253 m (830 ft). The lowest point of Malta is Mediterranean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Ta'Dmejrek) and lowest (Mediterranean Sea) points of Malta is 253 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Malta is 316 km² (approx. 122 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 54,823 km² (~21,167 mi²). The continental shelf of Malta is approximately 5,301 km² (around 2,047 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Malta is approximately 55,139 km² (~21,289 mi²). Malta is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

3 km² of Malta's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 1% of all the land in the country. There are 99 km² of arable land in Malta, and it comprises 31% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Malta are limestone, salt, arable land.