Geography of Montenegro
Montenegro is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 13,812 km² (approx. 5,333 mi²). Continental shelf of Montenegro is approximately 3,896 km² (around 1,504 mi²). Montenegro is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Montenegro has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Serbia. Montenegro is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Montenegro is 1,086 m (3,563 ft).
Total length of land borders of Montenegro is 680 kilometers (~263 miles). Montenegro shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Montenegro, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Montenegro has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, and Serbia. The lengths of the land borders of Montenegro with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Albania - 172 km (107 mi),
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - 225 km (140 mi),
- Croatia - 25 km (16 mi),
- Kosovo - 79 km (49 mi),
- Serbia - 124 km (77 mi).
The capital city of Montenegro is Podgorica (official); Cetinje (Old Royal Capital, present seat of the President). The largest city in Montenegro is Podgorica.
The average elevation range of Montenegro is 1,086 m (3,563 ft). The highest point of Montenegro is Zla Kolata, with its official height being 2534 m (8,314 ft). The lowest point of Montenegro is Adriatic Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Zla Kolata) and lowest (Adriatic Sea) points of Montenegro is 2534 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Montenegro is 13,812 km² (approx. 5,333 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 7,745 km² (~2,990 mi²). The continental shelf of Montenegro is approximately 3,896 km² (around 1,504 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Montenegro is approximately 21,557 km² (~8,323 mi²). Montenegro is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
6,252 km² of Montenegro's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 45% of all the land in the country. There are 1,675 km² of arable land in Montenegro, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Montenegro are bauxite, hydroelectricity.