Geography of Mozambique
Mozambique is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 799,380 km² (approx. 308,641 mi²). Continental shelf of Mozambique is approximately 94,212 km² (around 36,375 mi²). Mozambique is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Mozambique has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Mozambique is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Mozambique is 345 m (1,132 ft).
Total length of land borders of Mozambique is 4783 kilometers (~1,847 miles). Mozambique shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Mozambique, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Mozambique has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The lengths of the land borders of Mozambique with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Malawi - 1569 km (975 mi),
- South Africa - 491 km (305 mi),
- Swaziland - 105 km (65 mi),
- Tanzania - 756 km (470 mi),
- Zambia - 419 km (260 mi),
- Zimbabwe - 1231 km (765 mi).
The capital city of Mozambique is Maputo. The largest city in Mozambique is Maputo.
The average elevation range of Mozambique is 345 m (1,132 ft). The highest point of Mozambique is Monte Binga, with its official height being 2436 m (7,993 ft). The lowest point of Mozambique is Mozambique Channel. The elevation difference between the highest (Monte Binga) and lowest (Mozambique Channel) points of Mozambique is 2436 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Mozambique is 799,380 km² (approx. 308,641 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 578,986 km² (~223,547 mi²). The continental shelf of Mozambique is approximately 94,212 km² (around 36,375 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Mozambique is approximately 1,378,366 km² (~532,188 mi²). Mozambique is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
620,000 km² of Mozambique's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 78% of all the land in the country. There are 42,576 km² of arable land in Mozambique, and it comprises 5% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Mozambique are coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite.