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Geography of Nepal

Nepal is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 147,181 km² (approx. 56,827 mi²). Continental shelf of Nepal is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Nepal is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Nepal has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include People's Republic of China, India. Nepal is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Nepal is 2,565 m (8,416 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Nepal is 3159 kilometers (~1,220 miles). Nepal shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Nepal, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Nepal has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include People's Republic of China, and India. The lengths of the land borders of Nepal with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. The largest city in Nepal is Kathmandu.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Nepal is 2,565 m (8,416 ft). The highest point of Nepal is Mount Everest, with its official height being 8848 m (29,030 ft). The lowest point of Nepal is Kanchan Kalan. It lies at 70 m (230 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Everest) and lowest (Kanchan Kalan) points of Nepal is 8778 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Nepal is 147,181 km² (approx. 56,827 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Nepal is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Nepal is approximately 147,181 km² (~56,827 mi²). Nepal is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

36,360 km² of Nepal's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 25% of all the land in the country. There are 23,009 km² of arable land in Nepal, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Nepal are quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore.