Geography of Netherlands
Netherlands is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 41,543 km² (approx. 16,040 mi²). Continental shelf of Netherlands is approximately 77,246 km² (around 29,825 mi²). Netherlands is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Netherlands has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belgium, Germany. Netherlands is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Netherlands is 30 m (98 ft).
Total length of land borders of Netherlands is 1053 kilometers (~407 miles). Netherlands shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Netherlands, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Netherlands has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belgium, and Germany. The lengths of the land borders of Netherlands with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Belgium - 450 km (280 mi),
- Germany - 577 km (359 mi).
The capital city of Netherlands is Amsterdam. The largest cities in Netherlands are Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam.
The average elevation range of Netherlands is 30 m (98 ft). The highest point of Netherlands is Vaalserberg, with its official height being 322.7 m (1,056 ft). The lowest point of Netherlands is Vergeten Plek. It lies at -7 m (-23 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Vaalserberg) and lowest (Vergeten Plek) points of Netherlands is 329.7 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Netherlands is 41,543 km² (approx. 16,040 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 154,011 km² (~59,464 mi²). The continental shelf of Netherlands is approximately 77,246 km² (around 29,825 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Netherlands is approximately 195,554 km² (~75,503 mi²). Netherlands is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
3,650 km² of Netherlands's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 9% of all the land in the country. There are 7,441 km² of arable land in Netherlands, and it comprises 18% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Netherlands are natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land.