Geography of Norway
Norway is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 323,802 km² (approx. 125,020 mi²). Continental shelf of Norway is approximately 434,020 km² (around 167,575 mi²). Norway is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Norway has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Finland, Sweden, Russia. Norway is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Norway is 460 m (1,509 ft).
Total length of land borders of Norway is 2566 kilometers (~991 miles). Norway shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Norway, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Norway has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Finland, Sweden, and Russia. The lengths of the land borders of Norway with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Finland - 736 km (457 mi),
- Sweden - 1619 km (1,006 mi),
- Russia - 196 km (122 mi).
The capital city of Norway is Oslo. The largest city in Norway is Oslo.
The average elevation range of Norway is 460 m (1,509 ft). The highest point of Norway is Galdhøpiggen, with its official height being 2469 m (8,101 ft). The lowest point of Norway is Norwegian Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Galdhøpiggen) and lowest (Norwegian Sea) points of Norway is 2469 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Norway is 323,802 km² (approx. 125,020 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 2,385,178 km² (~920,918 mi²). The continental shelf of Norway is approximately 434,020 km² (around 167,575 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Norway is approximately 2,708,980 km² (~1,045,938 mi²). Norway is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
121,120 km² of Norway's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 37% of all the land in the country. There are 8,301 km² of arable land in Norway, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Norway are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower.