Geography of Panama
Panama is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 75,420 km² (approx. 29,120 mi²). Continental shelf of Panama is approximately 53,404 km² (around 20,619 mi²). Panama is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Panama has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Colombia, Costa Rica. Panama is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Panama is 360 m (1,181 ft).
Total length of land borders of Panama is 687 kilometers (~265 miles). Panama shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Panama, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Panama has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Colombia, and Costa Rica. The lengths of the land borders of Panama with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Colombia - 225 km (140 mi),
- Costa Rica - 330 km (205 mi).
The capital city of Panama is Panama City. The largest city in Panama is Panama City.
The average elevation range of Panama is 360 m (1,181 ft). The highest point of Panama is Volcán Barú, with its official height being 3475 m (11,401 ft). The lowest point of Panama is Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Volcán Barú) and lowest (Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea) points of Panama is 3475 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Panama is 75,420 km² (approx. 29,120 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 335,646 km² (~129,593 mi²). The continental shelf of Panama is approximately 53,404 km² (around 20,619 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Panama is approximately 411,066 km² (~158,713 mi²). Panama is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
42,940 km² of Panama's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 57% of all the land in the country. There are 5,517 km² of arable land in Panama, and it comprises 7% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Panama are copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower.