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Geography of Peru

Peru is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,285,216 km² (approx. 496,222 mi²). Continental shelf of Peru is approximately 82,000 km² (around 31,660 mi²). Peru is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Peru has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador. Peru is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Peru is 1,555 m (5,102 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Peru is 7062 kilometers (~2,727 miles). Peru shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Peru, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Peru has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador. The lengths of the land borders of Peru with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Peru is Lima. The largest city in Peru is Lima.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Peru is 1,555 m (5,102 ft). The highest point of Peru is Huascarán, with its official height being 6768 m (22,206 ft). The lowest point of Peru is Bayóvar Depression. It lies at -34 m (-112 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Huascarán) and lowest (Bayóvar Depression) points of Peru is 6802 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Peru is 1,285,216 km² (approx. 496,222 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 906,454 km² (~349,982 mi²). The continental shelf of Peru is approximately 82,000 km² (around 31,660 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Peru is approximately 2,191,670 km² (~846,205 mi²). Peru is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

687,420 km² of Peru's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 53% of all the land in the country. There are 28,800 km² of arable land in Peru, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Peru are copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.