Geography of Qatar
Qatar is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 11,586 km² (approx. 4,473 mi²). Continental shelf of Qatar is approximately 31,590 km² (around 12,197 mi²). Qatar is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Qatar has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. Qatar is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Qatar is 28 m (92 ft).
Total length of land borders of Qatar is 87 kilometers (~34 miles). Qatar has 2 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 1 different countries. Qatar has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Qatar has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. The lengths of the land borders of Qatar with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Saudi Arabia - 60 km (37 mi),
- United Arab Emirates - 19 km (12 mi).
The capital city of Qatar is Doha. The largest city in Qatar is Doha.
The average elevation range of Qatar is 28 m (92 ft). The highest point of Qatar is Qurayn Abu al Bawl, with its official height being 103 m (338 ft). The lowest point of Qatar is Persian Gulf. The elevation difference between the highest (Qurayn Abu al Bawl) and lowest (Persian Gulf) points of Qatar is 103 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Qatar is 11,586 km² (approx. 4,473 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 31,590 km² (~12,197 mi²). The continental shelf of Qatar is approximately 31,590 km² (around 12,197 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Qatar is approximately 43,176 km² (~16,670 mi²). Qatar is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
There are 188 km² of arable land in Qatar, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Qatar are petroleum, natural gas, fish.