Confidus Solutions logotype

Confidus Solutions

Demographics of Rwanda

The total population of Rwanda is 12,501,156 people. People in Rwanda speak the French, English, and Kinyarwanda languages. The linguistic diversity of Rwanda is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Rwanda is 0. The median age is approximately 18.7 years. Life expectancy in Rwanda is 65. The female fertility rate in Rwanda is 4.2. Around 4% of the population of Rwanda are obese. The ethnic diversity is diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Rwanda is 0.3238. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Rwanda see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Rwanda, the population density is 416 people per square kilometer (1082 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Rwanda is 12,501,156 people. Rwanda has approximately 452,406 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Rwanda represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Rwanda represent 3.8 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Rwanda is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Rwanda is 0.3238. This means that a certain diversity is present in Rwanda, although all people can still be divided into a relatively small number of major ethnic groups. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Rwanda on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 18.7 years. The median age for men is 18.4, while the median age for women is 18.9.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.03. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.01; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1; sex ratio over 64 - 0.66; total sex ratio - 0.99. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Rwanda is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 93.4% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of Islam in Rwanda. The religious diversity of Rwanda is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Rwanda. The index of religious fractionalization in Rwanda is 0.5066. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Rwanda.

General development

Rwanda is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Rwanda may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Rwanda, 8.02 in every 100 people use internet. Rwanda has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.506. Rwanda has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. The migration rate in Rwanda is 0.85%. In Rwanda, 39.1% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Rwanda is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Rwanda speak the French, English, and Kinyarwanda languages. The linguistic diversity of Rwanda is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Rwanda. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Rwanda is 0. This means that within the country there is one major language and a few minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.