Geography of Rwanda
Rwanda is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 26,338 km² (approx. 10,169 mi²). Continental shelf of Rwanda is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Rwanda is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Rwanda has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Uganda. Rwanda is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Rwanda is 1,598 m (5,243 ft).
Total length of land borders of Rwanda is 930 kilometers (~359 miles). Rwanda shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Rwanda, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Rwanda has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Uganda. The lengths of the land borders of Rwanda with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Burundi - 290 km (180 mi),
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - 217 km (135 mi),
- Tanzania - 217 km (135 mi),
- Uganda - 169 km (105 mi).
The capital city of Rwanda is Kigali. The largest city in Rwanda is Kigali.
The average elevation range of Rwanda is 1,598 m (5,243 ft). The highest point of Rwanda is Mount Karisimbi, with its official height being 4507 m (14,787 ft). The lowest point of Rwanda is Ruzizi River. It lies at 950 m (3,117 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Karisimbi) and lowest (Ruzizi River) points of Rwanda is 3557 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Rwanda is 26,338 km² (approx. 10,169 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Rwanda is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Rwanda is approximately 26,338 km² (~10,169 mi²). Rwanda is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
3,161 km² of Rwanda's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 12% of all the land in the country. There are 11,366 km² of arable land in Rwanda, and it comprises 43% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Rwanda are gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land.