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Demographics of South Korea

The total population of South Korea is 51,164,435 people. People in South Korea speak the Korean language. The linguistic diversity of South Korea is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for South Korea is 0.0021. The median age is approximately 40.2 years. Life expectancy in South Korea is 81. The female fertility rate in South Korea is 1.2. Around 8% of the population of South Korea are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for South Korea is 0.002. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in South Korea see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In South Korea, the population density is 503 people per square kilometer (1309 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be very densely. The total population of South Korea is 51,164,435 people. South Korea has approximately 1,327,324 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in South Korea represent 0.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in South Korea represent 2.9 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of South Korea is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in South Korea is 0.002. This means that the people living in South Korea are somewhat fractionalized. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of South Korea on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 40.2 years. The median age for men is 38.7, while the median age for women is 41.6.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.07. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.08; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.04; sex ratio over 64 - 0.69; total sex ratio - 1. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of South Korea is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 29.4% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of folk religions in South Korea. The religious diversity of South Korea is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in South Korea. The index of religious fractionalization in South Korea is 0.6604. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within South Korea.

General development

South Korea is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, South Korea is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In South Korea, 84.1 in every 100 people use internet. South Korea has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.891. South Korea has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. In South Korea, 12.5% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in South Korea is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider South Korea to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in South Korea speak the Korean language. The linguistic diversity of South Korea is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in South Korea. The index of linguistic fractionalization in South Korea is 0.0021. This means that within the country there is one major language and a few minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.