Confidus Solutions logotype

Confidus Solutions

Geography of South Korea

South Korea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 100,210 km² (approx. 38,691 mi²). Continental shelf of South Korea is approximately 292,522 km² (around 112,943 mi²). South Korea is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. South Korea shares its borders with North Korea. South Korea is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of South Korea is 282 m (925 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of South Korea is 237 kilometers (~92 miles). South Korea has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - North Korea. The length of said border is 238 km (148 mi).

Cities

The capital city of South Korea is Seoul. The largest city in South Korea is Seoul.

Elevation

The average elevation range of South Korea is 282 m (925 ft). The highest point of South Korea is Halla-san, with its official height being 1950 m (6,398 ft). The lowest point of South Korea is Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Halla-san) and lowest (Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea) points of South Korea is 1950 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of South Korea is 100,210 km² (approx. 38,691 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 475,469 km² (~183,579 mi²). The continental shelf of South Korea is approximately 292,522 km² (around 112,943 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of South Korea is approximately 575,679 km² (~222,270 mi²). South Korea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

63,346 km² of South Korea's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 63% of all the land in the country. There are 16,280 km² of arable land in South Korea, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in South Korea are coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential.