Geography of Sudan
Continental shelf of Sudan is approximately 19,827 km² (around 7,655 mi²). Sudan is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Sudan has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan. Sudan is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Sudan is 568 m (1,864 ft).
Total length of land borders of Sudan is 6819 kilometers (~2,633 miles). Sudan shares its land borders with 7 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Sudan, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Sudan has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. The lengths of the land borders of Sudan with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Central African Republic - 483 km (300 mi),
- Chad - 1360 km (845 mi),
- Egypt - 1273 km (791 mi),
- Eritrea - 605 km (376 mi),
- Ethiopia - 723 km (449 mi),
- Libya - 383 km (238 mi),
- South Sudan - 1937 km (1,204 mi).
The capital city of Sudan is Khartoum. The largest cities in Sudan are Khartoum, Omdurman.
The average elevation range of Sudan is 568 m (1,864 ft). The highest point of Sudan is Deriba Caldera, with its official height being 3042 m (9,981 ft). The lowest point of Sudan is Red Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Deriba Caldera) and lowest (Red Sea) points of Sudan is 3042 m (2 ft).
The continental shelf of Sudan is approximately 19,827 km² (around 7,655 mi²).
Forest and arable land
675,460 km² of Sudan's territory is covered in forests. There are 135,600 km² of arable land in Sudan.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Sudan are petroleum, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower.