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Demographics of Sweden

The total population of Sweden is 9,982,709 people. People in Sweden speak the Swedish language. The linguistic diversity of Sweden is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Sweden is 0.1968. The median age is approximately 41.2 years. Life expectancy in Sweden is 82. The female fertility rate in Sweden is 1.9. Around 12% of the population of Sweden are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Sweden is 0.06. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Sweden see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Sweden, the population density is 21.7 people per square kilometer (56 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Sweden is 9,982,709 people. Sweden has approximately 1,639,771 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Sweden represent 0.7 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Sweden represent 15.9 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Sweden is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Sweden is 0.06. This means that the people living in Sweden are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Sweden on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 41.2 years. The median age for men is 40.2, while the median age for women is 42.2.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.06. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.06; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.03; sex ratio over 64 - 0.79; total sex ratio - 0.98. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Sweden is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 67.2% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Sweden are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism. The religious diversity of Sweden is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Sweden. The index of religious fractionalization in Sweden is 0.2342. This score means that within the country there is one major with a few other minor beliefs.

General development

Sweden is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Sweden is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Sweden, 94 in every 100 people use internet. Sweden has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.898. Sweden has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in Sweden is 5.42%. In Sweden, 14% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Sweden is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Sweden to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Sweden speak the Swedish language. The linguistic diversity of Sweden is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Sweden. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Sweden is 0.1968. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.