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Geography of Sweden

Sweden is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 450,295 km² (approx. 173,859 mi²). Continental shelf of Sweden is approximately 154,604 km² (around 59,693 mi²). Sweden is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Sweden has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Finland, Norway. Sweden is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Sweden is 320 m (1,050 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Sweden is 2211 kilometers (~854 miles). Sweden shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Sweden, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Sweden has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Finland, and Norway. The lengths of the land borders of Sweden with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Sweden is Stockholm. The largest city in Sweden is Stockholm.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Sweden is 320 m (1,050 ft). The highest point of Sweden is Kebnekaise, with its official height being 2104 m (6,903 ft). The lowest point of Sweden is Kristianstad. It lies at -2 m (-7 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Kebnekaise) and lowest (Kristianstad) points of Sweden is 2106 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Sweden is 450,295 km² (approx. 173,859 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 160,885 km² (~62,118 mi²). The continental shelf of Sweden is approximately 154,604 km² (around 59,693 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Sweden is approximately 611,180 km² (~235,977 mi²). Sweden is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

280,730 km² of Sweden's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 62% of all the land in the country. There are 24,368 km² of arable land in Sweden, and it comprises 5% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Sweden are iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.