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Demographics of Tajikistan

The total population of Tajikistan is 9,107,211 people. People in Tajikistan speak the Tajiki, Persian, and Russian languages. The linguistic diversity of Tajikistan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Tajikistan is 0.5473. The median age is approximately 23.5 years. Life expectancy in Tajikistan is 68. The female fertility rate in Tajikistan is 3.8. Around 9% of the population of Tajikistan are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Tajikistan is 0.5107. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Tajikistan see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Tajikistan, the population density is 57 people per square kilometer (148 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Tajikistan is 9,107,211 people. Tajikistan has approximately 275,735 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Tajikistan represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Tajikistan represent 3.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Tajikistan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Tajikistan is 0.5107. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Tajikistan. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Tajikistan on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 23.5 years. The median age for men is 23, while the median age for women is 24.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.98; sex ratio over 64 - 0.74; total sex ratio - 0.99. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Tajikistan is Islam, the followers of which comprise 96.7% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Tajikistan are Hinduism, folk religions. The religious diversity of Tajikistan is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Tajikistan. The index of religious fractionalization in Tajikistan is 0.3386. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Tajikistan is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Tajikistan may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Tajikistan, 14.51 in every 100 people use internet. Tajikistan has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.607. Tajikistan has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. The migration rate in Tajikistan is -1.15%. In Tajikistan, 35.6% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Tajikistan is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Tajikistan speak the Tajiki, Persian, and Russian languages. The linguistic diversity of Tajikistan is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Tajikistan. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Tajikistan is 0.5473. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Tajikistan. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.