Geography of Tajikistan
Tajikistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 144,100 km² (approx. 55,637 mi²). Continental shelf of Tajikistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Tajikistan is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Tajikistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan. Tajikistan is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Tajikistan is 3,186 m (10,453 ft).
Total length of land borders of Tajikistan is 4130 kilometers (~1,595 miles). Tajikistan shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Tajikistan, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Tajikistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. The lengths of the land borders of Tajikistan with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Afghanistan - 1206 km (750 mi),
- People's Republic of China - 414 km (257 mi),
- Kyrgyzstan - 870 km (541 mi),
- Uzbekistan - 1161 km (722 mi).
The capital city of Tajikistan is Dushanbe. The largest city in Tajikistan is Dushanbe.
The average elevation range of Tajikistan is 3,186 m (10,453 ft). The highest point of Tajikistan is Ismoil Somoni Peak, with its official height being 7495 m (24,591 ft). The lowest point of Tajikistan is Syr Darya. It lies at 300 m (984 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Ismoil Somoni Peak) and lowest (Syr Darya) points of Tajikistan is 7195 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Tajikistan is 144,100 km² (approx. 55,637 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Tajikistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Tajikistan is approximately 144,100 km² (~55,637 mi²). Tajikistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
4,100 km² of Tajikistan's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 3% of all the land in the country. There are 9,304 km² of arable land in Tajikistan, and it comprises 6% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Tajikistan are hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold.