Geography of Thailand
Thailand is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 513,120 km² (approx. 198,116 mi²). Continental shelf of Thailand is approximately 230,063 km² (around 88,827 mi²). Thailand is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Thailand has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia. Thailand is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Thailand is 287 m (942 ft).
Total length of land borders of Thailand is 5673 kilometers (~2,190 miles). Thailand shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Thailand, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Thailand has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Malaysia. The lengths of the land borders of Thailand with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Myanmar - 1800 km (1,119 mi),
- Cambodia - 803 km (499 mi),
- Laos - 1754 km (1,090 mi),
- Malaysia - 506 km (314 mi).
The capital city of Thailand is Bangkok. The largest city in Thailand is Bangkok.
The average elevation range of Thailand is 287 m (942 ft). The highest point of Thailand is Doi Inthanon, with its official height being 2565 m (8,416 ft). The lowest point of Thailand is Gulf of Thailand, Andaman Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Doi Inthanon) and lowest (Gulf of Thailand, Andaman Sea) points of Thailand is 2565 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Thailand is 513,120 km² (approx. 198,116 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 299,397 km² (~115,597 mi²). The continental shelf of Thailand is approximately 230,063 km² (around 88,827 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Thailand is approximately 812,517 km² (~313,713 mi²). Thailand is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
147,620 km² of Thailand's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 29% of all the land in the country. There are 140,941 km² of arable land in Thailand, and it comprises 27% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Thailand are tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land.