Geography of Tunisia
Tunisia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 163,610 km² (approx. 63,170 mi²). Continental shelf of Tunisia is approximately 67,126 km² (around 25,917 mi²). Tunisia is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Tunisia has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, Libya. Tunisia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Tunisia is 246 m (807 ft).
Total length of land borders of Tunisia is 1495 kilometers (~577 miles). Tunisia shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Tunisia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Tunisia has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, and Libya. The lengths of the land borders of Tunisia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Algeria - 965 km (600 mi),
- Libya - 459 km (285 mi).
The capital city of Tunisia is Tunis. The largest city in Tunisia is Tunis.
The average elevation range of Tunisia is 246 m (807 ft). The highest point of Tunisia is Jebel ech Chambi, with its official height being 1544 m (5,066 ft). The lowest point of Tunisia is Shatt al Gharsah. It lies at -17 m (-56 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Jebel ech Chambi) and lowest (Shatt al Gharsah) points of Tunisia is 1561 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Tunisia is 163,610 km² (approx. 63,170 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 101,857 km² (~39,327 mi²). The continental shelf of Tunisia is approximately 67,126 km² (around 25,917 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Tunisia is approximately 265,467 km² (~102,497 mi²). Tunisia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
20,615 km² of Tunisia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 13% of all the land in the country. There are 26,489 km² of arable land in Tunisia, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Tunisia are petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt.